Women’s Health

Gillian Singleton, Jan Williams, Georgia Paxton


  • Offer women standard preventive screening, taking into account individual risk factors for chronic diseases, bowel, breast and cervical cancer.340
  • Offer women antenatal/perinatal care consistent with Australian guidelines.352
  • Consider pregnancy and breastfeeding in women of childbearing age when planning immunisation, post-arrival screening, and treating positive screening test results.
  • Offer appropriate life-stage advice and education, including contraceptive advice where needed, to all women, including female adolescents.
  • Women and girls are vulnerable to sexual violence during civil conflict and subsequent displacement. Be aware and sensitive to the possibility of a history of sexual violence and/or sexual abuse and associated physical and mental health consequences.353
  • Intimate partner violence (IPV) is more common in countries experiencing war, conflict or social upheaval. As with any women presenting for care in Australia, the possibility of IPV should always be considered, sensitively explored, level of safety assessed and managed empathically.354,355
  • Practitioners should be aware of clinical issues, terminology and legislation related to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and forced marriage.356,357
  • Always define confidentiality, and attempt to integrate women’s preferences regarding gender concordant care, including gender preference for interpreters.

Produced by

in consultation with

                  Refugee Health Network of Australia

Endorsed by

Funded by

The Australian Refugee Health Practice Guide was produced with funds from the Australian Government Department of Health.


The information set out in the Australian Refugee Health Practice Guide (“the Guide”) is current at the date of first publication and is intended for use as a guide of a general nature only and may or may not be relevant to particular patients or circumstances. Nor is the Guide exhaustive of the subject matter. Persons implementing any recommendations contained in the Guide must exercise their own independent skill or judgement or seek appropriate professional advice relevant to their own particular circumstances when so doing. The statements or opinions that are expressed in the Guide reflect the views of the contributing authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors or Foundation House. Compliance with any recommendations cannot of itself guarantee discharge of the duty of care owed to patients and others coming into contact with the health professional and the premises from which the health professional operates.

Whilst the information is directed to health professionals possessing appropriate qualifications and skills in ascertaining and discharging their professional (including legal) duties, it is not to be regarded as clinical advice and, in particular, is no substitute for a full examination and consideration of medical history in reaching a diagnosis and treatment based on accepted clinical practices.

Accordingly, Foundation House and its employees and agents shall have no liability (including without limitation liability by reason of negligence) to any users of the information contained in the Guide for any loss or damage (consequential or otherwise), cost or expense incurred or arising by reason of any person using or relying on the information contained in the Guide and whether caused by reason of any error, negligent act, omission or misrepresentation in the information. Although every effort has been made to ensure that drug doses and other information are presented accurately in the Guide, the ultimate responsibility rests with the prescribing clinician. For detailed prescribing information or instructions on the use of any product described herein, please consult the prescribing information issued by the manufacturer.