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Country-specific recommendations for malaria, schistosomiasis and hepatitis C screening

Table 1.4: Top 20 countries of origin for refugees and asylum seekers25,26, and country-specific recommendations for malaria, schistosomiasis and hepatitis C screeninga

Country of birth

Malaria27

Schistosomiasis28

Hepatitis C29

(Note: those with risk factors for HCV should be tested regardless of country of origin)

Afghanistan

No

No

No

Bangladesh

Yes

No

No

Bhutan

Yes

No

No

Burma

Yes

Yes

No

China

No

No

No

Congo

Yes

Yes

Yes

Egypt

No

Yes

Yes

Eritrea

Yes

Yes

No

India

Yes

Yes

No

Iran

No

No

No

Iraq

No

Yes

Yes

Lebanon

No

No

No

Pakistan

Yes

No

Yes

Somalia

Yes

Yes

No

Sri Lanka

Yes*

No

No

Statelessb

Yes

Yes

No

Sudan

Yes

Yes

No

Syria

No

Yes

Consider

Vietnam

No

No

No

     There are regional variations in the prevalence of these conditions within some countries. We have taken the conservative approach of recommending screening for all people from an endemic country rather than basing the recommendation on exact place of residence.

     ’Stateless’ in this table refers to people of Rohingyan origin.

Malaria link: http://www.who.int/ith/en/

and: http://apps.who.int/neglected_diseases/ntddata/sch/sch.html

Hepatitis C reference: Lavanchy D. Evolving epidemiology of hepatitis C virus. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Feb;17(2):107–15

*Edit: 13 March 2018: Since the time of publication of the ASID/RHeaNA Recommendations, Sri Lanka has been declared malaria free. See World Health Organisation 

Produced by

in consultation with

                  Refugee Health Network of Australia

Endorsed by

Funded by

The Australian Refugee Health Practice Guide was produced with funds from the Australian Government Department of Health.

Disclaimer

The information set out in the Australian Refugee Health Practice Guide (“the Guide”) is current at the date of first publication and is intended for use as a guide of a general nature only and may or may not be relevant to particular patients or circumstances. Nor is the Guide exhaustive of the subject matter. Persons implementing any recommendations contained in the Guide must exercise their own independent skill or judgement or seek appropriate professional advice relevant to their own particular circumstances when so doing. The statements or opinions that are expressed in the Guide reflect the views of the contributing authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors or Foundation House. Compliance with any recommendations cannot of itself guarantee discharge of the duty of care owed to patients and others coming into contact with the health professional and the premises from which the health professional operates.

Whilst the information is directed to health professionals possessing appropriate qualifications and skills in ascertaining and discharging their professional (including legal) duties, it is not to be regarded as clinical advice and, in particular, is no substitute for a full examination and consideration of medical history in reaching a diagnosis and treatment based on accepted clinical practices.

Accordingly, Foundation House and its employees and agents shall have no liability (including without limitation liability by reason of negligence) to any users of the information contained in the Guide for any loss or damage (consequential or otherwise), cost or expense incurred or arising by reason of any person using or relying on the information contained in the Guide and whether caused by reason of any error, negligent act, omission or misrepresentation in the information. Although every effort has been made to ensure that drug doses and other information are presented accurately in the Guide, the ultimate responsibility rests with the prescribing clinician. For detailed prescribing information or instructions on the use of any product described herein, please consult the prescribing information issued by the manufacturer.